Please refer to this Harvard Business Review articel by Daniel Goleman.
Working with Affects
Leaders should have a good understanding of affects, which refer to emotional states and the impact of emotions on individuals and groups. Here are several important aspects that leaders should know about affects:
1. Emotional Intelligence (EI):
Leaders should be aware of the concept of emotional intelligence, which encompasses the ability to recognize, understand, manage, and use emotions effectively. Leaders with high EI can better navigate their own emotions and those of their team members, leading to improved communication, empathy, and interpersonal relationships.
2. Emotional Contagion:
Leaders should be mindful of the phenomenon known as emotional contagion. This is the tendency for people to „catch“ or mirror the emotions of those around them, including their leaders. Leaders‘ emotions and moods can significantly influence the emotional climate of the workplace, so being aware of this impact is crucial.
3. Impact on Decision-Making:
Affects can have a substantial impact on decision-making. Emotions can bias decision-making processes, either positively or negatively. Leaders should be aware of how their emotional state can influence their judgment and should strive for balanced and rational decision-making.
4. Motivation and Engagement:
Leaders should understand that emotions play a significant role in motivation and engagement. Positive emotions can boost team morale and productivity, while negative emotions can hinder motivation. Leaders who can inspire positive emotions and create a positive work environment tend to have more engaged and committed teams.
5. Conflict Resolution:
Effective leaders should be skilled in handling emotions during conflict resolution. Conflicts often involve heightened emotions, and leaders who can manage their own emotions and help others navigate theirs are more likely to find successful resolutions.
6. Cultural and Individual Differences:
Leaders should recognize that the expression and interpretation of emotions can vary across cultures and among individuals. What is considered appropriate or desirable emotional behavior can differ widely. Sensitivity to these differences is crucial for effective leadership in diverse environments.
7. Well-Being and Stress Management:
Leaders should prioritize the well-being of themselves and their team members. Chronic stress and negative emotions can have detrimental effects on physical and mental health, as well as job performance. Leaders can support well-being by promoting work-life balance and providing resources for stress management.
8. Communication Skills:
Effective communication involves not only verbal and written skills but also emotional communication. Leaders should be adept at conveying empathy, active listening, and understanding through both words and nonverbal cues.
9. Resilience and Adaptability:
Leaders should recognize that setbacks and challenges are a natural part of leadership. Developing resilience and adaptability in the face of adversity is crucial. Resilient leaders can bounce back from setbacks and inspire their teams to do the same.
10. Continuous Learning:
Lastly, leaders should be committed to continuous learning about affects and emotions. The field of emotional intelligence and affective neuroscience is continually evolving, and staying updated on research and best practices can help leaders become more effective in their roles.